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Recent Achievements


Developed a binderless, nanoflake cathode using hydrated vanadium pentoxide, a promising material for rechargeable batteries that demonstrated good electrochemical performance

Prototyped a two-plate wireless capacitive power transfer system that can transfer 220W power across 2m with 60% efficiency, significantly higher than current state-of-the-art

Clean Vehicles

Clockwise from left: Computer rendering of connected and automated vehicles in an urban development; A high-efficiency, clean internal combustion engine R&D platform; Battery material being tested in a Thermogravimetric Analyzer

The United States and China are the world’s largest automobile markets and oil consumers, both importing more than half the oil they consume. Over the long-term, much of the energy-consuming infrastructure of the 21st century, including future vehicle fleets, has yet to be built and therefore will benefit from accelerated development of clean vehicle technologies.

The CERC Clean Vehicles Consortium (CERC CVC) seeks to contribute to dramatic improvements in technologies with the potential to reduce the dependence of vehicles on oil and reduce emissions. It aims to build a foundation of knowledge, technologies, human capabilities, and relationships in mutually beneficial areas that will position the United States and China for a future with highly efficient clean vehicles that have very low environmental impacts.

The consortium aims to be the leading U.S.-China effort in the clean vehicle arena by performing both long-range transformational and translational research to bring discoveries and technologies to market. Successful demonstration of CVC technologies will involve strategic partners from industry in the United States and China, including leading OEMs in the transportation and energy sectors, suppliers, and innovation companies. Dr. Don Hillebrand from Argonne National Laboratory leads the U.S. consortium, and Dr. Minggao Ouyang from Tsinghua University leads the Chinese consortium.

The U.S. and Chinese consortia have agreed to a Joint Work Plan (Bilingual PDF) to significantly advance clean vehicle technologies, in both China and the United States. U.S. and Chinese officials simultaneously agreed to a Technology Management Plan (TMP) (Bilingual PDF) regarding intellectual property rights. The Agreement (English PDF Chinese PDF) protects American and Chinese research, scientists, and engineers by ensuring their intellectual property rights for the technology they create.

Research Focus Areas


Scientists are conducting research on rechargeable lithium-ion battery and energy storage systems to help develop the next generation of advanced batteries, which are essential for expansion of the electrification of vehicles and grids.


Research is focused on electrified powertrains, energy conversion devices, and vehicle optimization. Researchers are evaluating the impact of powertrain options, component sizes and technology alternatives on energy, cost and greenhouse gases for specific driving patterns both in the U.S. and China; exploring high-efficiency engine combustion systems and low-temperature combustion systems accounting for regional usage patterns while adhering to constraints such as available fuel options and blending practices; and researching design methods for vehicle light-weighting.


The overarching focus is to assess the energy impact of connected and automated vehicles through transportation system, infrastructure, and shared mobility. Researchers from U.S. and China are assessing the energy impact of shared mobility for multiple market penetration levels and powertrain technologies; using on-road vehicle test data to understand the impact on driver behavior; and evaluating the impact of transit options. Technologies that enable connected and automated electric vehicles and connection with infrastructure (e.g., wireless charging and vehicle-to-grid) will be developed and assessed. The charging infrastructure will be assessed through multiple charging technology options.


Researchers are assessing technology impacts in terms of energy and environmental benefits of deploying technologies such as plug-in electric vehicles in the U.S. and China; studying consumer driving behavior and advanced vehicle market potential; and examining enabling mechanisms such as policies, standards/protocols, and demonstrations to help technologies move from lab to the market.

CERC CVC Partners (Headquarter Locations)

The CERC Clean Vehicles Consortium partnership currently includes the following U.S. members:

  • Lead:
  • Partners:
    • A123 Systems (Waltham, MA)
    • Achates Power (San Diego, CA)
    • Aramco Services (Houston, TX)
    • Brookhaven National Laboratory (Uptown, NY)
    • California Energy Commission (Sacramento, CA)
    • CALSTART (Richmond, CA)
    • Carnegie Mellon University (Pittsburgh, PA)
    • ClimateWorks and Energy Foundation (San Francisco, CA)
    • Delphi (Troy, MI)
    • Excellatron Solid State (Atlanta, GA)
    • Farasis Energy (Hayward, CA)
    • GM (Detroit, MI)
    • The International Council for Clean Transportation (San Francisco, CA)
    • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Cambridge, MA)
    • Microvast (Stafford, Texas)
    • Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Energy and Transportation Science (Oak Ridge, TN)
    • The Ohio State University (Columbus, OH)
    • Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (Richland, WA)
    • San Diego State University (San Diego, CA)
    • University of California at Davis, Institute of Transportation Studies (Davis, CA)
    • University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, MI)
    • University of Washington (Seattle, WA)
    • Wanxiang America Corporation (Elgin, IL)

The CERC Clean Vehicles Consortium partnership currently includes the following Chinese members:

  • Lead:
    • Tsinghua University (Beijing)
  • Partners:
    • BAIC BJEV (Beijing)
    • Beihang University (Beijing)
    • Beijing Institute of Technology (Beijing)
    • Beijing SinoHytec (Beijing)
    • Changan Automobile Company (Chongqing)
    • Changzhou ECTEK Automotive Electronics Limited (Changzhou, Jiangsu)
    • China Automotive Engineering Research Institute Co., Ltd (Chongqing)
    • China Automotive Technology & Research Center (Tianjin)
    • China Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), (Beijing)
    • China Potevio (Beijing)
    • CITIC GuoAn Mengguli (MGL) (Beijing)
    • Contemporary Amperex Technology Co., Limited (CATL)  (Ningde, Fujian)
    • Geely Group (Hangzhou)
    • Hefei Guoxuan High-Tech Power Energy (Hefei, Anhui)
    • Hunan University (Changsha)
    • Institute of Electrical Engineering of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Beijing)
    • JAC Motors (Hefei)
    • Jiangsu Huadong Institute of li-ion Battery (Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu)
    • Jing-jin Electric Co., Ltd. (Beijing)
    • Keypower (Beijing)
    • North China Electric Power University (Beijing)
    • SAIC Motor (Beijing)
    • Shanghai Electric Vehicle Public Data Collection, Monitoring and Research Center(Shanghai)
    • Shanghai General Motor Muling (Liuzhou)
    • Shanghai International Automobile City (Shanghai)
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University (Shanghai)
    • Suzhou Automotive Research Institute of Tsinghua University (Suzhou, Jiangsu)
    • Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Beijing)
    • Tianjin Lishen Battery Joint-stock Co., Ltd (Tianjin)
    • Tianjin University (Tianjin)
    • Tongji University (Shanghai)
    • Wanxiang (Hangzhou)
    • Wuhan University of Technology (Wuhan)